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The next meeting of the Discussion club will be on April 20, 2015 at 15:00 in the 101 room
National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography

National Center for Geoinformation (NCGI)

National Operative Telemetric System for Seismological Information (NOTSSI) uses modern electronic seizmographs and digital systems were used for transmission of signals from the seizmological stations to the Centre, and the registration, processing and archiving of data were executed by specialized computer system.

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System for predicting levels of tropospheric ozone in ambient air - it is fully automated system based on modern and World recognized models. It is used in full National Weather and forecast levels of ground-level ozone for 2 days ahead, by implementing regulations and recognized European quality criteria for forecast. Updates every 12 hours.

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The Bulgarian Chemical Weather Forecast and Information System is designed on the base of US EPA Models-3 system: MM5 (meteorological pre-processor), SMOKE (emission preprocessor) and CMAQ (Chemical Transport Model). The meteorological input to the System is the NCEP Global Forecast data. At the moment, the system is running automatically once a day. The forecast period is 3days (72 hours).

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The total amount of ozone in the atmosphere is measured in Dobson units (DU), which represent the height of total ozone, reduced to normal pressure and temperature in units of 0.01 mm.
Its values vary considerably depending on the season. For the period 1996 - 2015, there was a trend for an increase in ozone over Bulgaria with around 0.2 DU per year.

In September 2017 monthly value: 272
In September 2016 monthly value was: 287

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The level of ultraviolet radiation presents with UV - index. Values below 2 level is considered low, for values of 2 to 5 - average and over 5 - high. Currently:

UV-radiation in Sofia - NONE.
No protection required.

Apart from the daily weather and seasons, UV-index depends on the cloudiness. In the forecast for tomorrow blue color shows possible values.

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Forecast for tomorrow
The vector of the Earth's magnetic field at a point on Earth is represented by its three components - horizontal component, the angle between the direction of the horizontal component and the geographic north (declination) and the vertical component. In quiet conditions the components change during the course of each day in small limits, and magnetic storms when their variations are reinforced repeatedly.

Over the past 24 hours:
Variation of the horizontal component is: 50 nT.
(0.21 percent of average 23784 nT.)
This corresponds to a quiet state
.

Estimated Local Geomagnetic K - indices from station "Panagyurishte"
  00-03UT 03-06UT 06-09UT 09-12UT 12-15UT 15-18UT 18-21UT 21-24UT
20.10 02 00 01 00 02 01 01 01
21.10 01 02 02 01 02 03 00 04
22.10 04              

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Geomagnetic activity is a measure of disturbances of Earth's magnetic field on a global scale and is represented by Kp - Index. Values below 4 mean quiet state, values between 4 and 5 - active, than 5 - magnetic storm.

Situation at the moment: QUIET. Three-hour index - 3
Over the last 24 hours: QUIET. Maximum three-hour index - 3

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Estimated critical frequencies of the ionosphere over Bulgaria could be useful for radio amateurs and to all who deal with short-wave radio. Apart from the daily time and season, they depend on the level of geomagnetic activity during the last day.

State of the ionosphere today: QUIET.

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A global maps of the total electron content (TEC) in the ionosphere can be useful for GNSS navigation systems. Apart from the daily time and season, the global distribution of TEC depend on the level of geomagnetic activity during the last day.

State of the ionosphere today: QUIET.

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National permanent GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) network consists of 20 permanent GPS / GNSS stations whose data are archived, processed and analyzed at the Center for processing and analysis. Processing and analysis of measurements allows for monitoring of current crustal movements in Bulgaria and the Balkan peninsula and, together with the seismic information to assess the seismic risk.

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